The Founding of Time-Related Organizations

1601, Genevan Corporation of Watchmakers (The Swiss Guild of Watch and Clockmakers) founded

1631, The Worshipful Company of Clockmakers established by Royal Charter granted by King Charles I

1858, The British Horological Institute formed

1860, The Observatoire de Neuchâtel issued the first rating certificates for watches.


1866, March 26 the New Yorker Uhrmachers Verein was formed by German immigrants


1876, Swiss Chamber of Watchmaking founded in La Chaux-de-Fonds


1878, First Swiss institution to test large numbers of watches for public sale, the Bureau officiel des chronomètres (BO)

1890, Canadian Horological Institute formed


1892, June the American Horological Society was formed by Chicago watchmakers


1901, Creation of the NBS (National Bureau of Standards, now NIST)


1907, The British Watch and Clockmakers’ Guild was founded in Clerkenwell


1913, Canadian Horological Institute closes


1916, Swiss trade fair MUBA held in Basel (first time in the history of wristwatches)


1917, August 13, Associated Watchmakers of America formed



October 20-21, Horological Institute of America formed


The Swiss Laboratory of Horological Research formed


1924, Swiss Watchmakers’ Federation/Swiss Watch Manufacturers created in Bienne


1926 December 27, Ebauches SA was created


1930, Omega and Tissot joined together to form SSIH group


1931, ASUAG created to protect Swiss industry from financial collapse


1930s, New Yorker Uhrmachers Verein reorganized into the Horological Society of New York


1934, May, United Horological Association of America formed


1943, the National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors comes into being


1949, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chronometrie was founded


1953, The Antiquarian Horological Society was formed


1954, the American Watch Association formed


1959, National Association of the Brazilian Clock and Watch Industry (Instituto Brasileiro de Relojoero)


1960, The American Watchmakers Institute (AWI) was formed from the UHAA and the HIA


1962, Center Electronique Horloger (CEH) created to spur development of electric Swiss watches


1973, the COSC is founded (contains the BOs)


1975, Chronométrophilia founded in La Chaux-de-Fonds


1980, SMH created from ASUAG and SSIH


1982, The Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry FH founded by merger of two previous organizations


1983, the Swiss Centre for Electronics and Microtechnology SA created in Neuchâtel


1985, Foundation of the Académie des Horlogers Créateurs Indépendants (AHCI)


1987, the Black Forest Clock Association or VDS was created


1989, the British Sundial Society is formed


1992, The American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute becomes the new name for the AWI


1994, the North American Sundial Society formed


1998, SMH renamed the Swatch Group


2000, the Japanese Sundial Society formed


2005, Creation of the Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie